Introduction to Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. It shares borders with Russia in the north and China in the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia’s political procedure is a parliamentary republic.
Mongolia has a rich history and culture, dating back to the time of the Mongol Empire. Today, the country is home to a diverse range of ethnic groups, including Mongols, Turkic people, Russians and Chinese.
The majority of the population follows Buddhism or Shamanism.
Mongolia is an attractive travel destination for its wide open spaces, unique landscapes and nomadic lifestyle.
There are plenty of things to see and do in Mongolia, from visiting ancient sites to exploring the great outdoors. Here’s our travel guide to Mongolia, with information on what to see and do in this fascinating country.
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The Gobi Desert
Gobi Desert is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Mongolia. It is known for its beautiful landscapes and unique wildlife.
There are many things to see and do in the Gobi Desert, including hiking, camping, and wildlife watching.
Hiking is a great way to explore the Gobi Desert. There are many other trails to choose from, so you can find one that suits your fitness level and interests.
Camping is another popular activity in the Gobi Desert. There are numerous campsites available, so you can find one that suits your needs.
Wildlife watching is also a popular activity in the Gobi Desert. The desert is home to many different species of animals, including camels, gazelles, and vultures. If you’re lucky, you may even spot a rare Siberian tiger!
Khongor Sand Dunes
The Khongor Sand Dunes are one of the most popular tourist attractions in Mongolia. They are located in the Gobi Desert, about 250 kilometers south of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar.
The dunes cover an area of about 1,000 square kilometers and are up to 150 meters high.
The best time to visit the dunes is between April and October when the weather is warm and dry. During this time, you can enjoy activities such as camel riding, sandboarding, and hiking.
There are also a number of tour operators that offer jeep safaris which is a great way to explore the desert.
The Flaming Cliffs of Bayanzag
The Flaming Cliffs of Bayanzag are one of the most iconic landmarks in Mongolia. The cliffs are situated in the Gobi Desert and are known for their red hue, which is caused by the iron oxide in the rock.
The cliffs are a popular destination for tourists, as they offer breathtaking views of the desert. There are also a number of dinosaur fossils that have been found in the area, making it a paradise for paleontologists.
Orkhon Valley National Park
Orkhon Valley National Park is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Mongolia. The park is home to a number of historical and cultural sites, as well as a variety of natural beauty.
Some of the most popular attractions in Orkhon Valley National Park include the Orkhon Waterfalls, the Ulaanbaatar Statue, and the Erdenezuu Monastery.
The park also offers a variety of outdoor activities such as hiking, horseback riding, and camping.
Terelj National Park
If you’re looking for an outdoor adventure while in Mongolia, look no further than Terelj National Park. The park is located just an hour outside of the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and is a great spot for hiking, horseback riding, and camping.
The scenery is beautiful, with mountains, forests, and rivers all around. There are also plenty of opportunities to see wildlife, including eagles, deer, and bears.
There are trails of different types to choose from. It depends on your body fitness level and what you’re searching for.
For a longer hike, try the turtle rock trail which takes you up to a lookout point with stunning views of the park. Or, if you want to get up close and personal with some of the animals living in the park, take the red deer trail which leads you through a forest where these creatures often roam.
No matter which trail you decide to take, be sure to pack plenty of water and snacks as there are no convenience stores within the park boundaries. And don’t forget your camera – this is one place you’ll definitely want to document!
Lake Uvs is one of Mongolia’s most popular tourist destinations, and it’s easy to see why. The lake is huge – over 3,500 square kilometers – and is surrounded by mountains, making it a beautiful spot for hiking, horseback riding, or simply taking in the scenery.
The lake is also home to a number of different species of fish, so it’s a great place for fishing enthusiasts.
Lying in the shadow of the Tuvkhun Summit, Erdenezuu Monastery is one of the oldest and most significant Buddhist sites in Mongolia.
Founded in 1585 by Abtai Sain Khan, it was once home to as many as 60,000 monks. Today, there are just a few hundred resident monks, but the monastery remains an important center of religious life in Mongolia.
The monastery grounds are enclosed by a massive wall with 108 stupas. Inside, you’ll find four temples and a number of other buildings.
The main temple is dedicated to Amitabha Buddha, while the others are devoted to Jampelyang (Manjushri), Tsongkhapa (founder of the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism), and Migjid Janraisig (Avalokiteshvara).
The monastery also houses an impressive collection of Buddhist art and artifacts. In particular, don’t miss the collection of thangkas (Tibetan painted scrolls) in the main temple.
Erdenezuu Monastery is open daily from 8am to 6pm. Admission is 10,000 MNT per person.
Hustai National Park
Hustai National Park is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Mongolia. The park is home to a variety of animals, including the endangered Przewalski’s horse.
Visitors can take part in a variety of activities, such as horseback riding, hiking, and camping.
The Nadaam Festival is one of the most important annual events in Mongolia. It is held every summer to celebrate the country’s independence from China.
The festival includes a variety of traditional Mongolian sports, such as archery, horse racing, and wrestling. There are also a number of cultural performances and exhibitions.
If you’re planning on visiting Mongolia, the Nadaam Festival is definitely something you shouldn’t miss!
Traveling in winter is the best time to see Things to See in Mongolia.
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